MAXILLARY SINUS GRAFTING WITH IMPLANT PLACEMENT
One of dentistry’s goals is to make implant treatment available to all patients who may benefit from it. Unfortunately, the advanced bone loss that accompanies long-term wearing of upper complete denture or upper removable partial denture renders these same patients poor candidates for dental implant treatment.
The patient with advanced bone loss in the posterior upper jaw poses serious challenges for implant therapy. Generally, the type of bone available in the upper jaw is spongy bone with its large spaces and non-dense, soft nature. This is not the quality of bone suited for dental implant therapy. Another factor influencing dental implant treatment in the upper jaw is the loss of upper posterior teeth, so enlargement of the sinuses occurs, which encroaches on what little bone remains. Successful implant therapy in the maxillary jaw is dramatically reduced if poor bone quality is combined with a lack of sufficient bone height and density. Management of these conditions is accomplished with the use of sinus grafting and larger or wider and longer implants with a bioactive coating.
Subantral augmentation or sinus grafting is a way to improve results in the severely resorbed posterior upper jaw. By increasing bone in the sinus region, the subantral augmentation enables the practitioner to use larger and longer implants that are indicated in the posterior region to replace molars to withstand the biting forces exerted there. Sinus augmentation should be considered whenever a lack of alveolar bone height prevents the use of implants of 10mm in length. Ridge augmentation and/or bone expansion is also advisable if the alveolar bone width is less than 4mm.
To learn more about sinus grafting, implant placement and fixed bridgework in Overland Park, Kansas, call 913-492-2233 to schedule with our prosthodontist, Dr. EDward M. Amet, at Reconstructive and Implant Dental Center.